Ye, Yong-jun*;Zhang, Yun-feng;Dai, Xin-tao;Ding, De-xin
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity,2017年177:135-141 ISSN：0265-931X
[Ye, Yong-jun; Ding, De-xin] Univ South China, Key Discipline Lab Natl Def Biotechnol Uranium Mi, Hengyang 421001, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[Dai, Xin-tao; Ye, Yong-jun; Zhang, Yun-feng] Univ South China, Sch Environm & Safety Engn, Hengyang 421001, Hunan, Peoples R China.
[Ye, Yong-jun] Univ South China, Key Discipline Lab Natl Def Biotechnol Uranium Mi, Hengyang 421001, Hunan, Peoples R China.
Free radon production rate;Porosity;Permeability;Radon diffusion coefficient;Granulated porous media
The particle size and heaped methods of exhalation media have important effects on physical parameters, such as the free radon production rate, porosity, permeability, and radon diffusion coefficient. However, existing methods for determining those parameters are too complex, and time-consuming. In this study, a novel, systematic determining method was proposed based on nuclide decay, radon diffusion migration theory, and the mass conservation law, and an associated experimental device was designed and manufactured. The parameters of uranium ore heap and sandy soil of radon diffusion coefficient (D), free radon production rate (alpha), media permeability (k), and porosity (epsilon) were obtained. At the same time, the practicality of the novel determining method was improved over other methods, with the results showing that accuracy was within the acceptable range of experimental error. This novel method will be of significance for the study of radon migration and exhalation in granulated porous media. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
In this study, a one-dimensional steady-state mathematical model of radon transport in fragmented uranium ore was established according to Fick's law and radon transfer theory in an air-water interface. The model was utilized to obtain an analytical solution for radon concentration in the air-water, two-phase system under steady state conditions, as well as a corresponding radon exhalation rate calculation formula. We also designed a one-dimensional experimental apparatus for simulating radon diffusion migration in the uranium ore with various water levels to verify the mathematical model. The predicted results were in close agreement with the measured results, suggesting that the proposed model can be readily used to determine radon concentrations and exhalation rates in fragmented uranium ore with varying water levels.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity,2016年158-159:129-137 ISSN：0265-931X
[Lin, Chunping; Zhao, Guoyan; Hong, Changshou] Cent S Univ, Sch Resources & Safety Engn, Changsha 410083, Peoples R China.;[Li, Xiangyang] Univ South China, Sch Environm Protect & Safety Engn, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China.;[Hu, Penghua] China Natl Nucl Corp, Beijing Res Inst Chem Engn & Met, Beijing 101149, Peoples R China.
[Hong, Changshou] Cent S Univ, Sch Resources & Safety Engn, Changsha 410083, Peoples R China.
Underground uranium mine;Shaft station;Radon contamination;Queuing theory;Predictive model
This paper presented a method for predicting shaft station radon concentrations in a uranium mine of China through theoretical analysis, mathematical derivation and Monte-Carlo simulation. Based upon the queuing model for tramcars, the average waiting time of tramcars and average number of waiting tramcars were determined, which were further used in developing the predictive model for calculating shaft station radon concentrations. The results exhibit that the extent of variation of shaft station radon concentration in the case study mine is not significantly affected by the queuing process of tramcars, and is always within the allowable limit of 200 Bq m(-3). Thus, the empirical limit of 100,000 T annual ore hoisting yields has no value in ensuring radiation safety for this mine. Moreover, the developed model has been validated and proved useful in assessing shaft station radon levels for any uranium mine with similar situations. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Redox oscillation is commonly found in near-surface environment, where soils are often polluted with many redox active contaminants, including uranium (U). In order to investigate the transformation of U species in near-surface soil under redox oscillations conditions, redox oscillations and reduction experiments were performed, biogeochemical parameters and native microbial community composition were monitored, main elements on the surface of solid-phase were analyzed by XPS, and labile U(IV) species and stable U(IV) species in solid-phase were provisionally defined using an anoxic 1 M sodium bicarbonate extraction. It was found that redox oscillations slightly increased the water-soluble U but significantly increased the stable U(IV) species (P < 0.05) in soil. In reduction experiment, there was upper limit value for percentage of stable U(IV) species, and the labile U(IV) species could not transform to stable U(IV) species in a short period of time under reduction conditions. The redox transition of Fe enriched on the surface of soil and the conversion of microbial community composition played a major role in speciation transformation of U under redox oscillations conditions. In addition, sequential extraction revealed that the increase of stable U(IV) species content reflected the U speciation transition from acetate extract to more recalcitrant hydroxylamine extract. The finding provides a potential method for improving the stability of U when bio-reduction is used to remediate the U-contaminated soils. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
In this paper, the developmental toxicity and apoptosis in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos induced by 0.01, 0.05, and 0.10-Gy gamma-ray irradiation were investigated and verified by single cell gel electrophoresis, acridine orange staining, flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy, digital gene expression sequencing, and Western blot analysis. DNA damage, deformity rates, and apoptosis of zebrafish embryos were found to increase significantly with the increase of irradiation dose, and survival and hatching rates significantly decreased when the irradiation dose exceeds 0.10 and 0.05 Gy, respectively. Exposure to 0.10-Gy gamma-ray irradiation resulted in the swelling of cell mitochondria of zebrafish embryos and changes in their intracellular vacuoles. mRNA and protein expression levels of Shh (sonic hedgehog 19 KDa) and Smo (smoothened 86 KDa) of Hh signaling pathway associated with the development of early embryos significantly increased with the increase of irradiation dose. Expression of the AKT (56 KDa) and PiK3r3 (55 KDa) genes, which are anti-apoptotic and involved with the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, significantly decreased, while expression of the bada gene, which is pro-apoptotic, significantly increased. The results show that gamma-ray irradiations of 0.01 and 0.05 Gy can induce developmental toxicity and apoptosis in zebrafish embryos via Hh and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways, respectively.