[Wang, Lin-Wei; Li, Yan] Capital Med Univ, Beijing Shijitan Hosp, Dept Surg Oncol, Beijing 100038, Peoples R China.;[Wang, Lin-Wei; Liu, Wen-Lou; Chen, Jia-Mei; Wu, Han; Li, Yan] Wuhan Univ, Zhongnan Hosp, Dept Oncol, Wuhan 430071, Peoples R China.;[Qu, Ai-Ping] Univ South China, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Hengyang 421001, Peoples R China.;[Yuan, Jing-Ping] Wuhan Univ, Renmin Hosp, Dept Pathol, Wuhan 430060, Peoples R China.;[Liu, Juan] Wuhan Univ, Sch Comp, Wuhan 430072, Peoples R China.
As a widely used proliferative marker, Ki67 has important impacts on cancer prognosis, especially for breast cancer (BC). However, variations in analytical practice make it difficult for pathologists to manually measure Ki67 index. This study is to establish quantum dots (QDs)-based double imaging of nuclear Ki67 as red signal by QDs-655, cytoplasmic cytokeratin (CK) as yellow signal by QDs-585, and organic dye imaging of cell nucleus as blue signal by 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), and to develop a computer-aided automatic method for Ki67 index measurement. The newly developed automatic computerized Ki67 measurement could efficiently recognize and count Ki67-positive cancer cell nuclei with red signals and cancer cell nuclei with blue signals within cancer cell cytoplasmic with yellow signals. Comparisons of computerized Ki67 index, visual Ki67 index, and marked Ki67 index for 30 patients of 90 images with Ki67 </= 10% (low grade), 10% < Ki67 < 50% (moderate grade), and Ki67 >/= 50% (high grade) showed computerized Ki67 counting is better than visual Ki67 counting, especially for Ki67 low and moderate grades. Based on QDs-based double imaging and organic dye imaging on BC tissues, this study successfully developed an automatic computerized Ki67 counting method to measure Ki67 index.